Coronavirus Vaccine Discovered: See facts and Processes Below.
Coronavirus Vaccine Discovered, as it surprises the world. don’t be surprised Australia did it.
Recently, Australia says it has secured access to a promising coronavirus vaccine and will be able to offer free doses to its entire population of 25 million people.
The vaccine is being developed by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and Oxford University.
If clinical trials are successful, the deal with AstraZeneca would secure “early access for every Australian”, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said.
Mr Morrison said it was likely that vaccinations would be mandatory.
Australia has recorded 450 coronavirus deaths, most from an outbreak in the state of Victoria.
Earlier this month, Victoria declared a state of disaster and imposed strict lockdown measures after a surge in infections.
It still has more than 7,000 active cases, but the number of new infections has declined in the past week.
Coronavirus Vaccine, Pledge to manufacture in Australia
The Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine is one of five promising candidates to reach an advanced stage of clinical trials, with countries around the world seeking to secure supplies for their own populations.
“If this vaccine proves successful, we will manufacture and supply vaccines straight away under our own steam and make it free for 25 million Australians,” Mr Morrison said.
Furthermore, The cost of supplying the corona virus vaccine to the whole population has not yet been fixed. Separately, Australia has also signed a deal worth A$25m (£13.5m; $18m) with Becton Dickinson, an American pharmaceutical company, to supply 100 million needles and syringes.
The deal with AstraZeneca is Australia’s first such vaccine agreement.
If trials were successful, Mr Morrison said he hoped the vaccine would be available early next year. Manufacturing it would require an additional few months.
How many people need to be vaccinated?
It is hard to know without knowing how effective the vaccine is going to be.
It is thought that 60-70% of people needed to be immune to the virus in order to stop it spreading easily (known as herd immunity).
But that would be billions of people around the world even if the vaccine worked perfectly.
How do you create a vaccine?
Vaccines harmlessly show viruses or bacteria (or even small parts of them) to the immune system. The body’s defences recognise them as an invader and learn how to fight them.
Then if the body is ever exposed for real, it already knows what to do.
The main method of vaccination for decades has been to use the original virus.
The measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is made by using weakened viruses that cannot cause a full-blown infection. The seasonal flu jab takes the main strains of flu doing the rounds and completely disables them.
Why is a coronavirus vaccine important?
The virus spreads easily and the majority of the world’s population is still vulnerable to it. A vaccine would provide some protection by training people’s immune systems to fight the virus so they should not become sick.
This would allow lockdowns to be lifted more safely, and social distancing to be relaxed.
Would Coronavirus Vaccine be mandatory?
However, Mr Morrison said he expected a successful coronavirus vaccine would be “as mandatory as you could possibly make it”, though his government was still forming its policy.
“There are always exemptions for any vaccine on medical grounds, but that should be the only basis,” he told radio station 3AW.
“We are talking about a pandemic that has destroyed the global economy and taken the lives of hundreds of thousands all around the world, and over 430 Australians here.”
The country would aim for 95% of the population to be vaccinated, he added, as it will help in healthy standard of living.